The year 2019 has been marked by catastrophes which struck two big stones of European legacy, seven weeks apart: the flame in Notre-Dame Cathedral in Paris on April 15 along with the Venice flooding that started on November 12.
Both scenarios were followed by a call for contributions to accumulate funds for fixing the harm.
The outcomes of those appeals are vastly different, but and also to comprehend, we interviewed Italian colleagues performing research on philanthropy.
Two Dramas, Two Approaches
And of course countless contributions from people in France and from across the world, who contributed 30 million euros in just a couple of hours, largely online and through cellphones. From April 17, contributions were estimated to reach nearly a billion euros, an unprecedented amount.
The Venetian flooding in November 2019 triggered an entirely different response. On Tuesday, November 12, a historical high tide flooded town using 1.87 meters of water, followed closely by similar levels of flood in the subsequent days, with 80 percent of dwellings flooded and whole neighbourhoods submerged. On November 14, the Italian government announced a state of crisis and allocated emergency capital of 20 million euros to coping with the flood.
Other initiatives were established: German embassies declared a call for contributions from overseas donors, La Scala of Milan rallied to shield La Fenice, and various committees dedicated to maintaining Venice established their own attempts.
At best, just a couple million euros have been increased, even though it’s hard to understand the specific figures. Why? Why were there unprecedented gifts for Notre-Dame, nevertheless we allow Venice drown?
In both scenarios, the catastrophe was humanitarian nor social. The risk that threatens them may considerably impact the ones that see part of themselves in those symbols.
Both disasters are extremely different. Notre-Dame is a exceptional monument, the harm to that is equally visible and thoroughly listed. The striking pictures of this fire ravaging the roofing and the autumn of this spire were strong, memorable and dramatic.
In Venice, the harm affects the entire city: monuments, yes, but in addition run-of-the-mill institutions like shops, dwellings and streets. Even though the Catholic church and legacy specialists frequently warned about the bad state of dinosaurs in France, a fire of such size was inconsistent.
At the moment, many notions circulated concerning the reason for this Notre-Dame fire: Why was it a terrorist attack, human error, an electrical problem? The Venice flooding, however, are a brand new issue. Devastating all-natural disasters aren’t uncommon in Italy and frequently lead to the announcement of a state of crisis.
The Venice flooding were viewed as a natural catastrophe the Italians have been utilized to that.
Omar Bortolazzi, that observed both occasions from afar in Dubai, where he’s a professor of international relations, said: “The flame was an unprecedented occasion. It appears to be a natural catastrophe that might have been better managed and possibly even partly prevented”.
Therefore, the conditions of the Venice flooding appear to lend themselves easily to calls for generosity.
Incomparable Fundraising Tools
The results of this Venice fundraising effort have yet another explanation: tactical mistakes in the funds were increased. The Italian authorities were slow to respond, while Macron announced a federal effort whenever the fire happened.
Based on Antoine Martel, manager of this iRaiser system utilized by three of the four major groups raising capital for Notre-Dame, reactivity is crucial: “68 percent of individual contributions were gathered from the 48 hours following the flame. A emergency follows a second. If you overlook the press window, then it is finished”.
Another thing to think about is the difference in payment procedures. For Notre-Dame, secure online gift platforms have been set up the next morning, allowing people to donate quickly and easily from their pc or smartphone.
For Venice, donors may send a move to a bank accounts made for the event by town council. This alternative that lacks flexibility, flexibility and safety, and is complicated by the fact that overseas transfers require additional fees.
In accordance with Angelo Miglietta:
“There has been a entire absence of governance and coordination on the topic. The large donors and businesses are more prone to provide huge sums in the existence of clearly identified agents with a transparent message”.
For Notre-Dame, every one of those four private associations which established a campaign is a recognized entity with people, verifiable reports, that were encouraged by the authorities right after the catastrophe.
Aside from the various approaches, one final element explains the difference between the capital increased: the ideology of this tragedy as well as also the responsibilities of this State and nearby communities.
While the authorities was initially jeopardized by private entities in raising money, it immediately got the upper hand by organizing a nationwide effort then supervising the cathedral’s renovation job, handed to an ad-hoc public association made on July 29. Despite some difficulties behind the scenes, the answer fit the conditions.
In Italy, the federal crisis occurred in a intricate political circumstance, in which the Italian authorities is emerging out of a significant political crisis. The tensions between the central authorities and the Veneto area, which has powerful separatist tendencies, failed to facilitate a coordinated and unified political strategy.
What’s more, the disastrous direction of the Moses project, that was assumed to protect Venice from high tides using a system of dykes and has cost nearly 6 billion euros, experienced major delays because of fraud between the former mayor of Venice.
The machine was designed to start in 2016, but will not be usable until 2021. The November 2019 acqua alta also appears to have been fulfilled with “disillusioned cynicism” in the population, based on Omar Bortolazzi. The Italian people celebrities don’t have the legitimacy to motivate people and businesses to behave based on Omar Bortolazzi, “bitterness has taken precedence over the urge to contribute”.
Regardless of the gap in jealousy, the Notre-Dame and Venice dramas have one final thing in common: that the criticisms mingled in with all the despair. In France, these criticisms largely targeted the significant donors, also in Italy they concentrated on how public electricity was handled, both scenarios reveal that the two monuments represent a collective individuality of the individual nation and also have intensified already-present worries.